• Review: "The Value of the Moon"

    Review: "The Value of the Moon" by Dr. Paul Spudis.  Published April 2016 by Smithsonian Books.  A few editing errors noted.

    Back in 1996, Lunar scientist Dr. Paul Spudis, currently with the Lunar & Planetary Institute in Houston, authored a Moon book that took an entirely different perspective on the subject from the norm of yet-another-Apollo-book or a cultural backgrounder with a dab of science (Apollo science!).  Dr. Spudis argued that the Moon offers a storehouse of resources that could be applied to the problem of humanity leveraging itself out into space.  The Moon could be a place of human commercial and social activity as well as being just another science lab in a weird place.  Over the years, Dr. Spudis has continued to explore the topic of commercializing Earth-Moon space, and "The Value of the Moon" is his latest salvo in the ongoing effort to highlight what folks are now starting to refer to as 'Cislunar Space'.

    The book opens with the traditional 'cultural backgrounder' covering perceptions of the Moon through human history, but also touching upon what we've learned, and how we can use 'The Moon as an Enabling Asset' for future efforts.  In the second chapter, the author covers a number of the fictional accounts of travel to the Moon as well as factual.  The Apollo program and some of its legacies are examined, and we're introduced to the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI, a/k/a "Star Wars").  The next chapter looks at the long, lonely years after Apollo when NASA was focused on other things, and the ideas of Moon bases and selenology were pushed roughly to the margins, becoming something of a persona non grata as the NASA folks increasingly looked to the next item on Von Braun's bucket list, Mars.

    The author also notes his work on the Clementine mission, which broke a number of paradigms and led the charge for a slew of probes over the next couple of decades that that the author touches on in chapter four.  Lunar Prospector looked for the ice hinted at by Clementine.  The author then detours into the increasing Mars mania of the 1990s, and looks at space station developments in the same time frame.  He then looks at the loss of the shuttle Columbia and the genesis of the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE).  Chapter five then looks at the 'implementation' of the VSE, and how it devolved into the space program we have today, a space program that has many folks asking the question "Why are they shutting down NASA?"

    Chapter six starts getting down to the brass tacks, as the author focuses in on the logic of lunar return.  He notes the 186 activities developed at a 2006 workshop, but points us to three main reasons for the importance of the Moon: (a) its proximity; (b) its scientific relevance, and; (c) its utility to human efforts in space.  The author also notes rationales for a Mars First! or Asteroids First! not being the best course to pursue in our near-future efforts.

    In the next chapter, Dr. Spudis looks at some of the architectural and infrastructure elements that would be appropriate for more ambitious activities in cislunar space.  He notes the many areas in which our current technology could use some work, and some of the things we could have been doing over the last couple of decades to put ourselves in a better position to move forward.  He also notes the program that he put forth in 2011 in conjunction with Tony Lavoie.

    Chapter eight looks at things in a current cultural and political context and avers that it should be the U.S. that leads the way for the world.  One of Dr. Spudis' main contentions is that we need to develop the capability to operate throughout cislunar space, a capability currently being worked out by the Chinese with their various Chang'e missions.  Cislunar space is a theatre of activity home to billions and billions of dollars worth of assets, and the protection of those assets is a strategic consideration.  Anecdotally, I gave a talk on cislunar space to a group of Civil Air Patrol cadets, one of whom ended up at the Naval Academy Summer STEM Program.  They were quite interested in the fact that she wanted to explore the cislunar space concept more deeply.  Folks are looking at the idea (see the recent ULA 'Business Case for Space' white paper), even if NASA isn't.

    The author also reiterates his contention that public opinion is of little import in developing space activities, and highlights many of the hurdles facing commercial efforts.  It is here that this reviewer tends to diverge from agreement with Dr. Spudis, who is focused more on development of a government project/program to make a lunar return a fait accompli.  This reviewer is of the opinion that cultivating a web of commercial activity is what will make cislunar space a place for humans to live and work, and that government efforts alone cannot provide the robustness necessary to prevent another Apollo aftermath outcome, where we retreat once again to the cozy confines of LEO because budget cuts.  The section on private sector efforts also contains some of the more obvious editing errors, with the Google Lunar X-Prize (GLXP) is referred to as GLEX, an acronym more typically used top refer to the IAF's Global Space Exploration Conference in 2012.  The Ansari X-Prize is noted as 'Annsari'.

    The next chapter undertakes to envision how such a lunar return program might unfold, from the emplacement of equipment to surface activities.  The author briefly touches on a number of different activities, but the focus throughout the book is the water we've determined is trapped in everdark craters at the poles of the Moon.  Dr. Spudis' basic point is that H2O is the key enabling asset, the 'killer app', of cislunar space, and it's one that he reiterates again and again throughout the book, and explores in far more depth than any of the other potential resources found on the Moon.

    In the short last chapter, Dr. Spudis poses the question "Where do we go from here?"  The answer is The Moon...duh.

    Annexes include a full set of footnotes, a 'Lunar Library' of references (although not as extensive as my Lunar Library over at OutoftheCradle.net), illustration credits, and an index.  From an editing perspective there were a few errors, as noted, mainly in the last half of the book.  Another editing point is that there are blocks of text where one paragraph will be repeated in largely the same terms a few paragraphs further on.  While this helps serve in the reiteration of key points by the author, it also introduces a "didn't I just read that?" distraction.  In this regard better editing could have helped tighten up the prose.

    Overall, "The Value of the Moon" is a worthy successor to "The Once and Future Moon".  The text is accessible to a general public audience, but still reflects Dr. Spudis' role as one of the top Lunar scientists in the world right now with lots of grist to chew on.  It may be a bit too strongly focused on water, such that other compelling reasons to tap the resources and energy of the Moon are glossed over.  Unlike Zubrin's "The Case for Mars", this book is unlikely to be the clarion call that marshals a generation to develop the Moon for the prosperity of our posterity; that book remains to be written, one that more thoroughly explores the myriad ways that the Moon and cislunar space can become a marketplace for commerce and a realm of human endeavor.

  • Login Change

    Logins for this website are now managed by the CyberTeams Team Director application used on our original web site.  If you previously had a username and password on this site, you may find they don't work and instead you should use your Team Director username and password.

    You can manage your membership information including username and password by logging into Team Director here.


    Do you dream about our future in space? The Moon Society is holding an art contest for the most inspired works of art relating to humanity's future on the Moon. This is your opportunity to help us show the world what that future looks like!

    The Moon is increasingly recognized as a destination not only of scientific, but also of economic interest. Art has long been recognized as a powerful way for people to envision possible futures, and The Moon Society is seeking to encourage broader awareness of how our future on the Moon might unfold through art.

    The Moon Society will use submitted art in the preparation of publicity materials, including banners for use at outreach events, membership brochures, and other marketing opportunities both online and in print, as well as in the Moon Miners' Manifesto. All entries will be featured in an online gallery at the Moon Society website, and artists will always receive credit when their work is used.

    Interested parties should submit their original compositions to Art@MoonSociety.org by midnight CDT June 30th, 2015. Submissions should be at a minimum 300 DPI, 1200 DPI preferred.

    Prizes are as follows:

    > 1st Place: $250
    > 2nd Place: $125
    > 3rd Place: $75

    There will also be honorable mentions for additional outstanding works. Judging will be performed by Moon Society Officers and Directors whose decision is final. Digital submissions will become the property of the Moon Society; Artists will retain individual use rights for works created in other media and then digitized. Digital artists will also retain individual use rights for their works.

    The list of winners will be announced by July 10th, and the first outreach banner will be unveiled at the Moon Day event in Dallas on July 18th.

    The Moon Society was founded in 2000 as a not-for profit, education-focused organization incorporated under the laws of the State of Texas.
  • To The Stars International Quarterly Issue #10 Published

    To The Stars International Quarterly Issue #10 January 2015 issue has been uploaded - you can fetch this 170 page pdf file loaded with space news, color photos, and interesting articles here.

    To The Stars International Quarterly is a joint effort by the Moon Society and National Space Society to reach students (and adults) around the world.

    The News Section has these areas:
    • Earth Orbit and Mission to Planet Earth; Space Tourism; Cislunar Space and the Moon; Mars; Asteroids & Comets; Other Planets & their moons: Starbound.
    • There follows a section with major articles and a Student and Teachers Section.
    • TTSIQ's news articles are bulletined, so you can get the gist of each without having to read the whole article (links to the original articles are provided for your convenience should you want to read the shoe in greater depth.)
    We have fun putting out this publication and we hope you enjoy reading it.

    Sincerely, Peter Kokh, editor.
  • State of the Society

    As a reminder, The Moon Society will be holding its annual meeting for 2014 on Wednesday, December 17th beginning at 9pm ET in the Artemis MOO (http://www.asi.org/adb/09/08/04/moo.html).

    For discussion, here is the State of the Society as published in the December 2014 issue of MMM:

    State of The Moon Society 2014

    On the occasion of our Annual Meeting, it is worthwhile to pause and consider the state of our organization, and contemplate the ways in which we can face our current challenges and move forward as an organization advocating for a human presence on the Moon. Below are some of the main threads occupying the leadership:

    1) Moon Miners’ Manifesto – for over two decades our “in-house” newsletter has been exploring ways of developing the Moon under the editorship of Peter Kokh, who has earned significant recognition for his work. However, Peter can’t keep producing MMM forever. The time has come to implement an editorial team that will transition MMM to its next incarnation. This is an exciting opportunity for members to develop a 21st century platform to inform the world of why the Moon and its development is important for our planet. Interested members are urged to e-mail president@moonsociety.org to get started.

    2) The Website – we are in the end phases of the transition to our new website. At this point the main work is migrating links. If you would like to help out with the website, please contact Philip at moonsociety@philipcrume.com

    3) Membership Initiatives – we continue to seek ways to engage the younger audiences and, more importantly, enable their participation in achieving the goals of The Moon Society. The challenge is transitioning them from passive ‘friend’ers and ‘like’ers into active participants in the work of the society. We have some resources to make projects happen; we’re looking for young leaders to guide those projects.

    4) Projects – The Moon Society envisions a number of projects to advance our cause: -Lunar Lava Tubes – a project to study communications architectures for robots exploring lava tubes. Potential to morph into a real and significant science project under the right leadership. -Solar Sail Moon Sat – a project to study orbital operations, especially in the context of a ‘pole-sitter’, of a solar sail satellite. Could be done with a CubeSat, but requires much proposal and grant work. -Robot Park – a project to provide a set of robots and a regolith ‘sandbox’ to test surface operations that would be controllable from the internet. -Moon Backgrounders – a project to create a series of powerpoint presentations on topics like Moon 101, The Cislunar Economy, Moonbase Basics, and Selenology that would be available through the website to members and others to use in making educational public presentations. -Lunar Labs – a project to create a series of STEM projects that teachers could use in classrooms as part of their educational curriculum, on topics like Mooncrete (90+% complete), Aqua Luna (water electrolysis and fuel cells), and a lunar orbit math exercise. -Your Project – Have a Moon project you want to advance? Let us know!

    5) Moon Marketplace – we are in the process of updating the Moon Marketplace on our website to allow the purchase of The Moon Society apparel and goods, as well as our partnership with the NASA Federal Credit Union (which membership is available to all TMS members), links to books of particular interest at Amazon.com, our tip jar, and other ways to monetize the activities of The Moon Society to help fund our projects.

    6) Marketing materials – we have been creating a number of tools to help publicize The Moon Society, such as our recent postcards and ‘Carpe Lunam’ buttons. We need a membership brochure, fliers, and more materials we can use to help spread the word of how our Moon gives us the opportunity to grow new industries, as well as to tap the resources and energy of space for the benefit of Earth.

    7) Public Outreach – we always encourage our members to attend local conferences, give Rotary talks, and otherwise engage the public in learning about our Moon. It’s important that you represent yourself as a member of The Moon Society, so that more people will start looking to us to learn about our celestial companion.

    As the space industry changes, so too must the organizations that support that industry. Your Moon Society is facing those challenges head-on, and strategizing the means to adapt. We look for your input in this regard at our Annual Meeting on Wednesday, December 17th.


Subscribe to Posts